Integrated Energy Plan formulated

Engineering Post Report

The energy side bottlenecks  have hampered the economic growth of the country in the past. In order to address the energy sector shortage , massive projects were planned and launched  by the previous governments between 2013-18 adding a cumulative  capacity of 12230 megawatt of power to the power generation capacity.

However , the transmission and distribution sides of the power system  congestion and  inefficiencies  somehow have hampered the sustained delivery  of energy services to the domestic, commercial and industrial consumers throughout the country resulting in power outages and load shedding of varying durations in the urban and domestic areas. Additionally, the higher energy prices were also a by-product  of such aggressive  capacity additions during   2013-18.

Keeping in view the historical variability  for each energy mix source in the country over the years the federal government formulated the Integrated Energy Plan which is not only helping  in estimating  the energy demands and respective  supply paths for the future  but also in formulating the evidence based long term energy policy.

Statistically speaking,  in terms of energy-mix,  during FY 2018 Pakistan’s reliance on oil has been reduced to 31.2 per cent  while reliance on  gas has also been reduced to 34.6 per cent while the share of  hydel energy stood at just 7.7 per  cent.

According to the official sources,  though the declining share  of oil  is a welcoming sign, the diminishing share   of  hydro represents the shortsightedness of policy as well  the inability of successive governments to undertake  large capital-intensive  projects in a timely manner.

The reduction of natural gas share  is somewhat attributed to  declining  natural gas reserves as well as restricted  consumption of gas  in the transport  industry  as well as the induction  of Liquified Natural Gas (LNG )since 2015. The share of  imported LNG  has increased  from 0.7 per cent  in FY 2015 to 8.7 per cent in FY 2018. The share of renewable energy was only 1.1 per cent in FY 2018  and that of  the nuclear energy had increased to 2.7 per cent  in FY 2018.

As far as the share of different sources of electricity generation is concerned, as per information available from the  official sources,  it can be observed  that the share of hydel generated energy in overall electricity  has decreased  over the past few decades.  Availability of water  is one of the main reason for  reduced power generation from  hydel power plants.  Presently, thermal has the largest share in electricity generation. Share of RLNG  has also shown a  tremendous growth  in energy mix as it served the demand  of various power  plants i.e. Bhikki, Haveli Bahadur Shah,  Balloki,  Halmore, Orient, Rousch , KAPCO , Saif and Sapphire as well as that of fertilizer plants and industrial and transport sectors in the country.

The federal government is also on record to have  shown its  commitment  for generating electricity  through  renewable energy sources. Though initially, the increase  in the renewable in electricity  was very nominal  but it is expected that this share with further increase in the coming years.