Overview of Pakistan’s Energy Sector – Problems and Potentials

By Engr. Muhammad Nawaz Iqbal

Pakistan has consistently been a vitality merchant and is exceptionally subject to non-renewable energy sources. With the rising petroleum derivative costs, the expense of oil bringing in is making an imprint on Pakistan’s remote trade holds. The rising oil cost along, with the rising interest for continuous force, is making extra weight on the effectively delicate power matrix of Pakistan. Accordingly, to fulfill this expanding need, the Government of Pakistan, in its new spending plan for the monetary year 2014-2015, has designated $340 million to its vitality improvement portfolio. Already Government of Pakistan (GoP) had declared different approaches and empowering conditions, for example, feed-in tax/forthright tax, charge motivating forces, net metering, long haul renegotiating office and miniaturized scale financing plans for advancing corporate part interest in the sustainable power source (RE) segment. Taking the market development, innovative improvements, ongoing cost decreases and new money related instruments into account, the GoP chose to free the market and induce more challenge among the private area players for conveying power from RE assets (for example wind/sun based) at ideal tax rates. The National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, in its yearly State of the Industry Report, infers that roughly 20% all things considered, 32,889 out of 161,969, are not associated with the framework. Indeed, even those family units that are measurably associated experience day by day power outages with the goal that it is evaluated that in excess of 144 million individuals the nation over don’t have solid access to power. Therefore, Pakistani family units utilize a blend of advancements to control their homes and organizations.


More than 50 % of the populace, mostly in provincial Pakistan, depends on customary biomass for cooking. Regular cooking energizes incorporate kindling, agrarian waste and excrement cakes. As per an examination about Balochistan and Sindh area in April 2007, it was evaluated that family units use all things considered 920 kg of wood in winter and 560 kg of wood in summer while in Sindh the numbers are 640 kg and 400 kg individually. In Balochistan, around half of the populace gathers their own kindling, while in Sindh most family units need to purchase their wood. The consuming of biomass in wasteful stoves and without appropriate venting or air exhaust causes genuine medical issues. As per WHO gauges indoor air contamination is liable for in excess of 50,000 unexpected passing for each year in Pakistan.

Biomass accessibility in Pakistan is additionally across the board. Roughly 50,000 tons of strong waste, 225,000 tons of yield buildup and more than 1 million tons of creature fertilizer are delivered every day. It is assessed that potential generation of biogas from domesticated animals buildups is 8.8 to 17.2 billion meters3 of gas for each year (proportional to 55 to 106 TWh of vitality). Huge sugar industry in Pakistan likewise produces power from biomass vitality for use in sugar plants. Yearly power creation from bagasse is assessed at 5,700 GWh – about 6% of Pakistan’s present force age level. In the present power emergency as of late government permitted sugar factories to supply their surplus catalyst to a furthest reaches of 700 MW to the national matrix. It is assessed that sugarcane bagasse can conceivably be utilized to create 2000 MW of electric force. Anyway by and by it is hard to get greater power from sugar processes because of framework confinements on the grounds that the vast majority of the sugar plants are situated in remote rustic regions which are not by any means associated with the national network.

Huge Hydropower has end up being the least expensive wellspring of power. In spite of the high accessibility of hydro power assets low interests right now the usage of this potential source. Littler (under 50 MW) locales are accessible all through the nation. The miniaturized scale – hydropower segment has been moderately settled at this point. Since the mid-80s smaller scale hydro power plants supply power to approximately 40,000 provincial families. The greater part of the plant is network based and arranged in the Northern Areas and Chitral. Little Hydropower is considered as another promising choice for off-matrix age of power.