Indicative Generation Capacity Expansion 2018-40 formulated

Energy Sector Facts and Figures

Engineering Post Report

Demand for energy increases due to the expansion of  economic activities, population growth and rapid technological  change.  However, energy supply bottlenecks and reliance on imported fossil  fuels  can be critical for the economic outlook of any country.

With this context, according to the experts concerned, the federal government  has envisioned  optimizing the utilization of  indigenous energy resources  including hydel, solar,wind and Thar coal.

As already reported,  during the last financial year, the federal government approved the Framework Guidelines for Fast track Initiatives 2022 for promoting and developing  cost-effective local renewable energy  sources. Primarily, this framework covers Solar PV Energy Substitution for Expensive Imported  fossil Fuels, Solar PV Generation on 11 KV Feeders and Public Buildings  Solarization.

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has destabilized global  economies with more devastating consequences on the energy  market. However, the federal government’ vision  was expected  to improve the domestic energy  outlook significantly.

 With three Thar coal-based power plants added during the last financial year their  total installed  capacity  has by now reached 3300 MW. Furthermore, the installed capacity    of six nuclear power plants was now 3560 MW.

As  such,  from July-March FY202, the total installed capacity  and generation of  electricity  stood  at 41050 MW and 94121 GWh respectively. During July-March FY2023 , the installed capacity of hydel, nuclear,  renewable  and thermal source s  stood at 25.8, 8.7, 6.8 and 58.7 percent respectively.

On the other hand,  electricity generation  from  hydel, nuclear, renewables and thermal remained  at 28.6,21, 4.2 and 46.2 percent respectively.

Moreover, out of the total electricity  consumption of 77745 GWh,  household,  industrial, agriculture and commercial sectors had consumed 47.2, 28.0, 8.1 and 7.8 percent respectively.

The total demand for petroleum products during the period under report  remained at 13.1 million  tonnes indicating decline  by 21.9 percent, whereas  the transport sector alone consumes  about 78.5 percent of petroleum products.. As such, the the last fiscal year mainly  witnessed a decrease in

demand  for motor oil, high-speed diesel and furnace oil comprising about  95 of total demand.

In order to meet this demand,  petroleum products and crude oil imports remained  at 6118.3  thousand MT and 5858.4 thousand tonnes respectively. On the other hand, the natural gas consumption amounted to  around 3267 MMCFD  during   July-March FY2023 which included 626 MMCFD  RLNG,. From total coal consumption of 15416.5 thousand tonnes , power, brick kilns and cement and other sectors consumed  47.3, 21.5 and 31.1 percent respectively.