Women Empowerment and Gender Gap in Pakistan

Engineering Post Report

The 2030 agenda for sustainable development goals  emphasises  on the gender  equality  through women empowerment. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 5 calls for an end to all forms of discrimination, eliminate  violence  against women and girls  in all its manifestations, ensure health and reproductive rights and bolster political, social and economic participation of women.

Pakistan on its part is committed to Committee on the Elimination  of Discrimination  against Women, the Beijing  Platform for Action, International Labour Organization (ILO) and Child Rights Conventions, all directed to ensurewomen’s rightful place in the society. In the past few years,  there has been considerable progress  , attributable  to more deliberate  investments in improving  the lives and well-being of girls and women.

Gender inequality  remains a major barrier to human development. girls and women  have made  major strides since 1990, but they have not yet gained gender equity. The disadvantages  facing women and girls  are a major source of inequality. All too often, women and girls are discriminated in health,  political representation, labour market, etc–with negative consequences for development of their capabilities and  their freedom of  choice.   

One of  the main reasons of lower female labour force  participation and lower employment  in the public sector is the overall  environment  which is somehow not conducive for females to work. It includes inadequate rooms, washroom, parking etc,

Women constitute 48.4 percent of Pakistan’s total population. The ratio may go up or down when the final results of Digital Population and Household Census are officially released in a couple of months.

The government as such recognizes the relevance of gender equality to the national mandate  of achieving the growth and prosperity  and the responsibility  to ensure that the national policies and programmes serve women and men equitably. Through multiple consultations and following  the dismal  national standing  on international gender development  indices,  the government has since highlighted  gender equality as a high priority goal, the official quarters  concerned said on being contacted.

Compared to 2020, Pakistan’ s rankings have lately  dropped  in terms of economic participation and opportunities.  This sub-category is further explored  in terms  of labour force participation, wage  equality, estimated income,  and percentages of professional and technical  workers and of legislators and senior officials.