Pakistan and Sustainable Energy

Engineering Post Report

Energy plays a pivotal role in the modern world, serving as the lifeblood of society and driving economic progress. This was particularly evident  in the context of Pakistan, where energy holds  immense significance  in the country’s economic order and its prospects for growth. As Pakistan embarks on a transformative journey  over the next decade,  energy will continue to remain integral  to fueling this trajectory. Notably, the  growth of the middle-class population in Pakistan heavily relies on  a steady  and accessible supply of energy, therefore, ensuring equitable  access to a diverse  range of energy  sources, including electricity, oil, petroleum, natural gas liquefied natural gas (LNG) and coal, was critical for fostering  inclusive and sustainable growth.

The Federal Government has as such envisioned  an open and competitive  energy sector that provides reliable, least-cost energy supplies to meet the anticipated growth in energy demand over the years. Integrated Energy Planning (IEP) was an effective and appropriate tool  for realizing  the government’s  vision of developing a sustainable , cost-efficient energy sector that best meets the country’s  strategic  and socioeconomic  needs and its rapidly  growing  demand for energy. In order to carry out  the activities of IEP, an Energy planning and Resource  has been established at the Energy  Wing of the planning Commission.

The public funding  for electricity generation  projects will follow the same least  cost criteria and emphasis will be placed on  transitioning  the generation  mix towards indigenous  resources like domestic coal, renewable  and hydropower  resources  for reducing reliance  on imported fuels.  Strengthening  of transmission  and distribution  networks in the country will quite obviously bear major development  focus  in the upcoming years , wherein concurrence  with the Transmission System  Expansion  Plan will  be the yardstick  for transmission  sector project s, while the distribution sector projects  will have to exhibit synchronism  with the approved  strategic roadmap of respective distribution and supply companies DICOs to qualify  for financing by the federal government through its  public Sector Development Programme (PSDP). In  terms of public  funding, petroleum sector projects often receive  relatively lower allocations as compared to the power sector projects due to their being of capital -intensive nature,  primarily  financed  by the corporatized entities.