Need stressed for harnessing Information and Communication Technology innovations for national wealth creation

Need stressed for harnessing Information and Communication Technology innovations for national wealth creation

Engineering Post Report

The world is  moving fast towards  5G, Industrial Internet of Things and Artificial  Intelligence, which are the  key technologies  for Fourth Industrial  Revolution. With  the advent of 4th Industrial Revolution , new opportunities  of prosperity  are being created accordingly.

According to the experts in the sector concerned,  the new wealth  creation paradigm is based on data-intensive  decision systems. Therefore,we have to harness these Information and Communication Technology (ICT) innovations  for national wealth creation.

They said that Pakistan presently stands at a juncture  of time  where we can  become part of and surf the rising wave of new technological era  to be counted in the global  arena, now it is high time  to expand on our  accomplishments  and  put concerted efforts  into other areas  as well, especially extensive utilization  of ICTs I industry,  agriculture and other sectors  of the national economy, a multi-dimensional  and holistic approach  would enable us  to become  more competitive, the work has already been started  in some areas in this regard which need to be further built upon in  future.

As for the performance of the Information Technology sector is concerned  during last financial year 2018-19, official sources pointedly stated,  National  Incubation Centers (NICs)  have been established  at federal and provincial  headquarters Islamabad, Karachi,Lahore , Peshawar and Quetta. Presently about  200 start-ups are housed in these facilities. Furthermore,  many of these start-ups  have the potential  to create marketable products and services have been accordingly approved for appropriate funding.

Pakistan’s growing ICT sector is somehow ranked lowest amongst  South Asian countries. It is ranked at 127 in ACT adoption  out of 140 economies while  India is ranked at 117, Bangladesh at 102, Nepal at 101 and Sri Lanka at 109  are quite ahead of Pakistan. Republic of Korea is ranked very low at 125, however, in Digical Skills amongst the population Pakistan  is a little better ranked at  75 and in graduate skills sets at 51 while India is far ahead  at 48  and 36 respectively. Also , Malaysia, Singapore  are ranked 24 and 20 respectively in Overall skills, 11 and 6 in Digical Skills and 6 and 5 in graduate skill sets.

In  Innovation capability, Pakistan  is ranked at 75, while India  is ranked at 31, China, Singapore,  Korea and Malaysia  are ranked at 24,14, 8, and 30 respectively. The leader  in Innovation Capability is Germany.

It is evident that Pakistan is behind on most of the dimensions even in the regional context and other countries  are moving very fast  thus creating a bigger gap  and posing a serious challenge  for developing countries Pakistan  for catching up.

Pakistan taking appropriate measures to tackle and overcome the onrushing environmental challenges posing serious threats to all sectors of national economy

Engineering Post Report

Erratic  weather patterns and climate change have lately emerged  as the biggest  environmental  challenges  that are  affecting, in varying degrees,  almost sectors of   national economy  particularly water resources, energy,  health, biodiversity  with a major impact on  agricultural productivity.

Keeping in view Pakistan’s high vulnerability  to the adverse impacts of climate change,  the present government  is committed  to meet this challenge and the Prime Minister has already constituted “Prime Minister’s Committee on Climate  Change”  to provide  high level  strategic guidance and platform for coordinated efforts  on the issues  of climate change.

Federal Forestry Board has also been revived to rehabilitate forests and forest cover in the country.Accordingly, Ministry of Climate Change has appropriately  adopted a comprehensive  approach  on the disaster risk reduction and management.

Furthermore, the federal government has also introduced  climate budget coding  and expenditure  tracking system. This initiative has become a solid  conduit  for the climate change  finance mainstreaming and will obviously foster  transparency  in public investments. The monitoring  of the expenditure  will also give confidence  to the international  development partners  in tracking expenditure under different  funding streams to ensure that the finances are being spent  on the intended  objectives.

Furthermore, according to information available from official sources,  the Ministry of Climate Change has taken  various initiatives  in the area of climate change  adaptation and mitigation  with our National Climate Change Policy which are as under:

  1. To ensure effective implementation  of Natonal Climate Change Policy and its Framework,  meetings of the National Climate Change Policy Implementation Committee are also being held regularly.
  2. The Ministry has already completed process of ratification of Data Amendment  to Kyoto Protocol.
  3. Pakistan Climate Change Council and Pakistan Climate Change Authority are also being established to address the issue of climate change  and meet Pakistan’s obligations under international conventions  relating to climate.
  4. Climate Change Council is in the process of being established with the following mandate:
  5. Monitor implementation of international agreements.
  6. Approve and monitor implementation of comprehensive  adaptation and mitigation policies ,strategies, plans, programmes and projects.
  • Monitor implementation of National Adaptation Plan.
  1. Protection and conservation of renewable  and non-renewable  resources, species and habitals.
  2. Preparation of Pakistan’s Second Second National  Communication (SNC) on Greenhouse  Gases (GHG) emissions  is in the final stage.
  3. Biennial Update Report is an extended report on National Communication which describes the status of GHG  emissions and mitigation measures  taken by the countries. The Ministry has also started  preparatory work on Pakistan’s first Biennial Update Report.

All these are indicators of a shifting landscape in Pakistan under the federal government  towards a cleaner, greener  and sustainable future aiming for lowing the emissions and ensuring  climate resilient growth in Pakistan, the sources maintained.