Engineering Post Report
The generation mix of energy in the country was currently dominated by fossil fuels, including oil, RLNG (Regasified Liquid Natural Gas), Gas, Local and Imported Coal with a gross share of 66 per cent subsequently adding expensive electricity to the generation mix.
THe induction of power generation capacity under “Take or Pay” and “Must Run” regime, as an effort to to bridge the demand supply gap by the past governments continued to hurt the power sector in varying ratios by and large with the power plants having low low utilization factor were prioritized during dispatch condition and paid Non-Project Missed Volume cost, in case of non-evacuation of of available power from these plants.
The installed capacity as per available figures as on June 2021 was 34676 MW (excluding K-Electric system).
|Source/Fuel||Per Cent Share|
|Solar 400 MW||1.15|
|Wind 1235 MW||3.56|
|Hydel 9898 MW||38.54|
|Coal ( Local ) 660 MW||1.90|
|Coal (Imported) 3960 MW||11.42|
|Gas 3427 MW||9.88|
|RLNG 5838 MW||16.84|
|Oil 6507 MW||18.77|
|Bagasse 259 MW||0.75|
|Nuclear 2490 MW||7.18|
Further, as much as 3275 MW power was planned to be added during financial year 2021-22 resultantly enhancing the installed capacity from 34676 MW to 37951 MW.
In pursuance of the principled decision taken at the highest appropriate level, measures were being taken for energy mix for power generation to gradually moving towards domestic coal, renewable and hydropower resources as the least cost and sustainable option during the outgoing financial year.
According to the available information, 3275 MW was added to the national grid during financial year 2021-22 only through Solar, Wind, Hydel , Colal (local) and Nuclear sources installed capacity of each thus increasing to Solar 500 MW, Wind 1895 MW, Hydel 10278 MW, Colal (Local) 1650 MW and Nuclear 3635 MW.