Greening the Power Sector 

Engineering Post Report

The generation mix of energy in the country was  currently dominated  by fossil fuels, including oil, RLNG (Regasified Liquid Natural Gas), Gas, Local and Imported Coal with a gross share of  66 per cent subsequently  adding expensive electricity to the generation mix.

THe induction of power generation capacity  under “Take or Pay” and “Must Run” regime, as an effort to to bridge the demand supply gap by the past governments continued to hurt the power sector in varying ratios by and large with the power plants having low  low utilization  factor were  prioritized  during  dispatch  condition and paid Non-Project Missed Volume cost, in case of  non-evacuation of of available power from these  plants.

The installed capacity as per available figures as on June 2021 was 34676 MW (excluding K-Electric  system).

Source/FuelPer Cent Share
Solar 400 MW1.15
Wind 1235 MW3.56
Hydel 9898 MW38.54
Coal ( Local ) 660 MW1.90
Coal (Imported) 3960  MW11.42
Gas 3427  MW9.88
RLNG 5838 MW16.84
Oil 6507  MW18.77
Bagasse 259  MW0.75
Nuclear 2490  MW7.18

Further, as much as 3275 MW  power was planned to be  added    during financial year 2021-22 resultantly enhancing  the installed capacity from 34676 MW to 37951 MW.

In pursuance of the principled decision taken at the highest appropriate level, measures were being taken  for energy mix  for power generation  to gradually   moving towards  domestic coal, renewable and hydropower  resources as the least cost and sustainable option during the outgoing financial year.

According to the available information, 3275 MW was added to the national grid  during financial year 2021-22 only through Solar, Wind, Hydel , Colal (local) and Nuclear sources installed capacity of each thus increasing to Solar 500 MW, Wind  1895 MW, Hydel 10278 MW, Colal (Local)  1650  MW and Nuclear 3635 MW.