A look at overseas employment of Pakistani manpower

Engineering Post Report

More than 12.4 million  Pakistanis have proceeded abroad  for employment  in over 50 countries around the globe  through official procedures  as of  December 2022.

According to information now available,  more than 96  percent of Pakistani  registered workers for overseas employment are in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries especially Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were contributing to the development of  Pakistan’s economy  by sending remittances back home to their families through official channels which was the major source of  foreign exchange  after exports. Due to the normalization of post COVID-19 pandemic  and ease in visa restrictions , an increasing trend was being  observed in terms of  emigrants  registered during 2022 including GCC countries.

According to the Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment, official body of the federal government , in 2022 more than 62 percent ( 514725) Pakistani workers moved to Saudi Arabia followed by UAE 15.5 percent for earning their livelihood abroad. Oman provided  jobs to 82380 (9.9 percent) and Qatar accommodated  57984 (7.0 percent)  Pakistani workers of different occupations.  Bahrain and Malaysia  welcomed 13652 (1.6 percent)  workers and 6175 (0.7 percent)  workers from Pakistan respectively. During 2022, the Board of Emigration and Overseas Employment had registered  829549 workers in different categories including semi-literate, qualified and highly qualified which  indicated an  increasing trend in terms of emigrants registered  as compared to 2021. 

During 2022, the period under report, Pakistani workers who proceeded abroad in search of employment opportunities in different countries were highest from Punjab (458241) followed by khyber Pakhtunkhwa (22488) and Sindh (59067).

The massive development projects in various GCC countries under Vision   2030 have created  various employment opportunities for Pakistanis which are likely to  continue in the next few years, the official sources maintained.

Both the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resources Development and the Bureau continue to take  appropriate measures  and steps for boosting the manpower export and also ensuring  their safety, orderly and regular emigration.