By Engr. Sheikh Muhammad Ibraheem
Sheikh Muhammad Ibraheem is a student of electrical engineering, an author, and a researcher from Pakistan. He is an active member of NSPE and IEEE world’s largest engineering communities. His books are published across the globe and is currently studying in The The University of Lahore.
Quantum computing is a relatively new field of study that has the potential to revolutionize the way we process and store information. Unlike classical computing, which relies on the manipulation of binary bits, quantum computing uses quantum bits or qubits, which can exist in a superposition of both 0 and 1 states at the same time. This allows quantum computers to perform certain calculations much faster than classical computers, making them ideal for applications such as cryptography, drug discovery, and optimization problems.
Quantum computing is based on the manipulation of quantum bits, also known as qubits, which can exist in both 0 and 1 states at the same time. As a result, quantum computers can do some calculations much more quickly than traditional computers. Maintaining the coherence of the qubits, which can be easily broken by external influences such as temperature and electromagnetic radiation, is one of the most difficult tasks in developing a quantum computer. In order to overcome this, quantum computers are often operated at extremely low temperatures, close to absolute zero, and are insulated from extraneous electromagnetic radiation.
Quantum computers can be built using a variety of physical systems, such as superconducting circuits, trapped ions, and topological qubits. Each system has its own strengths and weaknesses, and researchers are still exploring the best approaches to building a practical quantum computer.Quantum computing is a rapidly developing field that has the potential to revolutionize the way we process and store information. Quantum computers are capable of performing certain calculations much faster than classical computers, which has important implications for a wide range of applications, from cryptography and drug discovery to materials science and optimization problems. While there are still many challenges to overcome in building a practical quantum computer, the potential benefits are enormous, and researchers are making rapid progress in this exciting field.